This is a post for Grade 2 students.
What is multiplication?
Me : Does the sign of multiplication (×) look similar to the sign of addition (+) to you ?
Student : Hmm….yeah. It looks kinda turned a bit.
Me : Yes, multiplication is also addition, just with a little twist 😉
Student : Twist?
Me : If you calculate 2 + 3 + 4 + 5, it is called addition. But, if you calculate 2 + 2 + 2 +2, it is called multiplication.
Student: You mean that a few ‘special additions’ are called multiplication!
Me : Yes, you got it right. When we add the same number again and again, we call it multiplication.
Student : That means “Multiplication is nothing but repeated addition.”
Me : Bang on!
Why do we need times tables?
Me: When in doubt, ask a few questions 🙂
If I give you 2 candies every day (this is just an assumption ;), how many candies will you get in 5 days?
Student: 2 + 2+ 2+ 2 +2 = 10 candies
Me : You know that I don’t like giving candies to my students. So, if I give you 2 apples every day, how many apples will you get in 5 days?
Student: 2 + 2+ 2+ 2+ 2 = 10 apples
Me : The only way to learn mathematics is to do mathematics. Now, if I give you 2 worksheets everyday, how many worksheets will you get in 5 days?
Student: 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 10 worksheets
Me : Did you observe something?
Student : Yes, I am getting answer 10 every time.
Me : In each example, you are adding 2 five times (2+2+2+2+2) . If you don’t want to calculate it again and again, won’t it be useful to remember the value of ‘5 times 2’ ?
Student: Yes, it will be very useful. Then, I won’t have to add again and again. I can save some time and that will give me more play time 😉
Me: Perfect! That’s what I call smart approach. Let’s calculate a few ‘repeated additions’.
1 times 2 = 2
2 times 2 = 2 + 2 = 4
3 times 2 = 2 + 2 + 2 = 6
4 times 2 = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8
……….. you can continue in the same manner.
We store all these ‘times’ additions in a table form. Hence the name ‘times table’.
Let’s draw our own times tables!
I am a huge fan of Visual Maths. I would strongly recommend all the young learners to draw their times tables atleast once. Sharing a sample of such work:
Dear parents, once the children ‘see’ what is going on behind the scenes, it is no more a chant which they need to recite in a specific rhythm and mug it blindly. They can just calculate their times tables rather than rote-learning.
Let’s master our times tables!
Practice makes it perfect.
Let’s practice our multiplication skill and master our times tables.
Times Tables Game 1 (no login/password needed for the game)
Times Tables Game 2 (no login/password needed for the game)
Rote learning might help children in reciting the times tables accurately, but they would have no idea what the numbers actually mean. I sincerely hope that this article will make times tables ‘simple & visual’ for our young learners.
Please let us know if it proves to be useful for your children/students.