Target 10 in Subtraction

This is a post for grade 2 students.

I am sure that you must have learnt subtraction by now. I am going to train you for a smarter subtraction skill. The aim is to make subtraction ‘simple & visual’ for you.

Do you remember ‘target 10 in addition’ article ? We will use the same trick here.

We need to ‘target 10’ (or 100 & 1000 for higher levels) to make our subtraction smarter.

For mastering this “target 10” skill, I need you to know all the number bonds of 10 at your finger tips. I am noting down a few ‘number bonds of 10’ for you :

1 + 9 = 10

2 + 8 = 10

3 + 7 = 10

Please complete this list in your notebook. You can master these number bonds using these games as well –

Number Bond Game 1   (no login/password needed for the game)

Number Bond Game 2    (no login/password needed for the game)

Once you are super-confident with the number bonds of 10, try to use this skill in subtraction.

You already know that subtraction means ‘take away’.

What does 13 – 5 mean?

It means ‘take away’ 5 from 13.

How much should I take away from 13 to make it 10?

3, right?  13 – 3 = 10

So, I suggest you to first take away 3 and then take away the remaining amount ( 5 – 3 = 2).

We are breaking up the ‘take away amount’ to make subtraction simple for us.

I am solving one question from each worksheet for you. Please refer to it and let me know in case you have any further question.

Here you go :

Worksheet 1

13 – 5

= 13 – 3 – 2    (Target 10)

=  10 – 2        (number bond of 10)

= 8

Worksheet 2

44 – 26

= 44 – 20 – 6       (Take away the Tens first)

= 24 – 6              (Now, this is worksheet 1 type of question)

= 24 – 4 – 2         (Target 10)

= 20 – 2              (number bond of 10)

= 18

Once you complete these worksheets, you will surely be smarter at your subtraction work.

Enjoy smarter subtraction!

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